Paramahamsa Hariharananda, a realized Kriya Yoga master, was born as Rabindranath Bhattacharya in the hamlet of Habibpur of Nadia in Bengal, India, the birthplace of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, on May 27, 1907. He was born into a wealthy family, to a Brahmin father, Haripada Bhattacharya, and an outstandingly pious, generous, and loving mother, Nabin Kali Devi.
The child Rabi would be as luminous and brilliant as the sun, removing the darkness of ignorance from the world, as augured by his father. (Rabi means "sun.") Rabi was highly spiritual and cultured, staunch and astute, and well versed in all scriptures. His precocious memory for intricate mantras, hymns, and prayers in Sanskrit, which he learned while listening to his father even at the age of four, exhibited uncommon and marvelous perspicacity. Under the guidance of his father, he quickly mastered Vedic astrology, astronomy, and palmistry.
When Rabi was twelve, Shri Bijoy Krishna Chattopadhyay, a renowned Self-realized sadhaka, initiated him into Jnana Yoga and later inspired him to meet Jnanavatar Shriyukteshwar.