Glossary of Terms

(or space, ether) center: vishuddha chakra (neck, religious center)
worshipper of Vishnu
the fire in the lumbar center
the third caste of merchants and farmers in the ancient Vedic social system; metaphorically, those who cultivate the body land and think carefully how to use precious time for making the most spiritual profit
(“thunder” or “diamond”): strong determination and willpower
words, statements
see Ratnakar
the seed sound in the second center (six-petaled lotus), which means water
worshipping the formless by words and speech, and giving oblation to the ears and hearts of the people — sweet, truthful, beneficial, and pleasant talk.
life of non-attachment and service, the third ashrama in the Hindu life style
to do business, to work with expectation of profit or reward. Each person, in the beginning of the spiritual life prays or meditates with the expectation of good health, prosperity, or other gain. To undertake any activity with expectation of reward is to work with desire, and thus is vanijya.
color; caste
the mixture of biological and spiritual force; amalgamation; mix of races; illegitimate child
the deity of water residing in the second center
a great sage, guru of Lord Rama
Krishna’s father
the breath, air, prana, god of air/wind
(“the end or last portion (anta) of the Vedas”): the essence or culmination of all the knowledge within the Vedas; a system of philosophy and the science of spirituality, based mainly on the teachings of the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, and the Brahmasutras
the most ancient recorded scriptures of knowledge of the Self
person of wisdom, a state achieved by deep meditation
(“manifestation”): divine powers or experiences that develop through spiritual practice: divine glory, siddhis (yogic powers), material prosperity, superhuman power, strength, and holy ash. In many cases, the vibhuti, which are lower spiritual attainments of superhuman qualities, become a spiritual hindrance — all sincere seekers should beware of their allure.
a state of samadhi
to know
food that creates a burning sensation, such as mustard, asafoetida, and so on
(“applied knowledge”): the way to reach or realize the truth, which is the application of knowledge, the states of superconsciousness and cosmic consciousness
a soldier of the Kaurava army. He is a dangerous warrior. His name means one who is a strong believer, is malicious, and is addicted to improper works.
the extremely dull, foolish, deluded, ignorant, materialist, and spiritually blind.
a great warrior and king on the side of Pandava. The metaphorical meaning is derived from vigata, that which is completely free from all body sense, and rat, kingdom (body). Virata means that you are completely free from your mind, intellect, thought, and body sense.
strength, vitality, vigor, and valor
sorrow; dejection; depression. The state of Arjuna at the beginning of the Mahabharata War.
(“pervader”): the preserving or sustaining aspect of God; the second god of the Hindu Trinity
the knot of the heart
(“pure wheel”): the cervical, throat, or religion center
a great sage, guru of Lord Rama
the universal form, the extraordinary glory and beauty of the Lord
the fire present in the crown of the head
the first king of the solar dynasty
manifold endeavor
to embrace monkhood for Self-realization
the place where Krishna spent his childhood, a.k.a. Vrindavan; metaphorically, to perceive Krishna in the whole body and to merge with the divine.
(“vow”) a vow to abide by a moral and spiritual discipline in thought, word, and deed
see Vrajadham
explained in the Sanskrit scriptures as vyajighrati ity vyaghra: “One who has strong smelling power.” This is the tiger, a most powerful animal whose power of nose (breath) is very strong. Arjuna, through the power of meditation, has thorough control over his animal qualities, and he devours all his ambitions. He also has a powerful ability to regulate his nose (he has breath control).
one of the five main pranas (vital energies), supporting inhalation and exhalation
the divine teacher of spirituality; author of the Mahabharata and author or compiler of numerous scriptures