Glossary of Terms

absence (a-) of fear (bhaya); fearlessness
Arjuna’s son, cousin of Krishna, one of the most heroic warriors of the Pandava side. His name comes from abhi, to destroy, and manyu, which means all evil qualities in humankind.
the ceremony in which one takes the vows of monkhood; coronation, anointment
the yoga of self-discipline
spiritual teacher; a person established in good conduct
one of the names of Lord Krishna. It is derived from a “not” and chyuta “deviation” — “One who is not separated from the body.”
absence (a-) of righteousness (dharma); irreligion
to read and study; part of a book, viz. a chapter
the philosophy of non-dual realization of the One
(the deity) the fire god from ancient Vedic times; (the elemental energy): the fire present in all seven centers. Its special elemental presence is in the navel (food) center.
this word is made of aham (I) and kara (maker); the ego, one’s attitude of doership
(“food”) eating, drinking, and sense perception
the name of the fire in the dorsal (heart) center
non (a-) violence (himsa), non-injury to others in thought, word, or deed
(“command wheel”): the place of concentration inside the pituitary; the soul center; third eye
unwanted work by which the life or prana is not in harmony or peace
(“ether”) the sky or space; ether
absence (a-) of anger (krodha)
(“immobile God”): the imperishable indwelling Self
helper of the helpless
dullness; lacking vitality and strength; one of the obstacles of yoga
(“non-wavering”): freedom from greed and desire
acidic food and alcohol
(“immortal”): nectar which gives immortality; the deathless state
(“wheel of the unstruck [sound]”): the dorsal (heart) center
(“Infinite victory”): the name of King Yudhishthira’s conch
creatures born (ja) of eggs (anda)
(“placing (nyasa) the limbs (anga)”): practicing God perception in the different limbs of the body
inner light in the crown of the head
inner controller; God who is aware of a person’s feelings
last six syllables (alphabets) in Sanskrit
aversion to finding fault; freedom from jealousy
(“down breath”): one of the five main pranas (vital energies), responsible for elimination; metaphorically, apana means “not yet taken or drunk”, i.e. the fresh air for inhalation
knowledge of the phenomenal world or material knowledge
direct, intuitive perception
to crush or destroy
(“rectitude”): straightforwardness or simplicity; literally, this is uprightness of the body, mind, senses, and behavior
one of the five Pandava brothers; he was the third son of Kunti, born mystically through union with the god Indra. His name comes from a (not) rajju (rope) na (not), “One who is not bound by the rope of the world, although he thinks he is at first.” His power resides in the food center.
a healthy, disease-free body
material prosperity; to earn wealth in a righteous way; one of the four vital accomplishments in human life
a stage of samadhi in which a yogi experiences a divine nectar coming down from the fontanel. Yogis perceive tremendous bliss from tasting it, which gives them transcendental joy.
(“seat”) sitting; posture; a place to sit for prayer and meditation; the third limb of Sage Patañjali’s Ashtanga Yoga system
“shelter,” “refuge,” monastic retreat for spiritual practice, a state of life
one who lives in an ashram
(“eight limbs yoga”): eightfold disciplines or aspects of the path of complete spiritual development propounded by Sage Patañjali, i.e., yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara, dharana, dhyana, and samadhi
The son of Dronacharya, who is the guru to both the Pandavas and the Kauravas. His name comes from a (no) sva (up to tomorrow) tha (existence), “That which has no existence tomorrow.”
(“it-is-ness”) perceiving the power of God in every breath; literal belief in the Vedas and the doctrine of rebirth
the fourth Veda
grace of the indwelling Self achieved through self-conscious life
seat of the soul
(“Self”): the soul; indwelling spirit
cosmic conscious stage at the fontanel; one of the five levels of subtle vacuum located between the ajña (soul center) and sahasrara (fontanel) chakras
roaming only in one’s own Self, and in nothing else
knower of the Self
a point of no breadth, no length and no depth, which contains the whole power of creation, maintenance and dissolution of the universe; the fontanel
food that is very hot in temperature
the primordial, eternal, divine sound heard in deep meditation; it represents the three bodies of every human being or the triple divine qualities: A is the causal body (sound), U is the astral body (vibration), and M is the physical body (light)
wakefulness — the true seekers of soul always remain alert on God in every mental and emotional state
“shaken off, abandoned,” a naked renunciate monk
the talk of the formless
an incarnation of the Supreme Lord in human form
A term of Vedantic philosophy meaning want of spiritual knowledge, ignorance, nescience
(“unmanifest”): beyond the perception of the senses
“This soul is Brahman” — one of the four great pronouncements of the Vedas
a capital city where Lord Rama reigned after his fourteen years of exile
life; life span; health
one who is not (a) disciplined (yukta), i.e. not on the path of yoga
(“life science”): medicine of mind, body, and soul; one of the upavedas, divinely revealed sciences in India