Glossary of Terms

the real doer, the soul
the svadhisthana chakra (family, pleasure center), representing the water element
the true spiritual preceptor, guide, guru who has attained God-realization
(“practitioner”): a spiritual aspirant or seeker who practices spiritual disciplines (sadhana)
(“means of realization”): spiritual practice
(“virtuous”): literally, a saintly person. The real sadhu is one who keeps the attention on the breath and through every breath loves God.
a kind of yogic association
(“virtuous mood”): the attitude of a real monk or spiritual person. It is freedom from ego and any negative qualities. This is the divine mood.
one of the five Pandava brothers; he was the second son of Madri, born mystically through union with the twin gods Ashwins. His power resides in the money (bottom) center.
(“innate”) easy, natural — and that is the breath. It comes from saha jayate iti — with birth comes the breath.
(“thousand-spoked wheel”): the chakra located at the top of the head in the fontanel; crown of the head
the thousand (sahasrara) petal lotus (padma), the fontanel
a great spiritual warrior on the side of Pandava. He is very calm and divine. Saibya means one who is just like Shiva, the formless god of ether, air, and sound. Saibya had attained that stage.
(“witness”): the witnessing consciousness
seed syllable in the money center
(“same”, “equal”): harmony, equality
one of the four Vedas
state of communion with God; merged and engrossed in God consciousness; realization; superconscious state; complete freedom from nature’s three gunas; the eighth and last limb of Sage Patañjali’s Ashtanga Yoga system
equality; name of one of the five main pranas, responsible for bringing nourishment and balance to all parts of the body
the fire of religious ceremony, symbolically remaining in the neck center
(school of philosophy): the path of knowledge
wealth; prosperity
(“with conscience”): a state of conscious samadhi, corresponding to Vedanta’s savikalpa samadhi
unending cycle of birth and death
stored impressions of previous experiences, thoughts and actions; latent tendencies
of equal height
the eternal life style based on God consciousness
a type of Indian sweet
a brahmin minister, and messenger of the blind king Dhritarashtra (the mind). Although the mind takes little interest in spiritual awakening, the inner intelligence, Sanjaya, speaks to Dhritarashtra. When you practice meditation and live a spiritual life, the mind and thoughts become silent. This is the state of sanjaya, the power to hear and see inwardly.
renunciation; sannyasa is not merely a renunciation of the physical world, it is inner detachment
renunciate monk; one who is detached from all worldly affairs and devotes one’s life for the experience of God-realization
the language of the old Vedic and classical texts of India
the seven higher planes of existence
the third holy river in India (invisible)
all; everything
truth; reality; the soul; the real; the essential; the best; the learned; the excellent; the good; the virtuous man. Sat is the supreme Self, the conductor of everything.
a name of the Supreme God; existence, consciousness, absolute
harmony; good will; good wish
hypocrite; fraud
(“association with the real”): good company; spiritual communion — religious congregation to discuss scriptures, meditate, and pray ; to be established in the Self
a stage of samadhi where some superhuman power is obtained — divine sound, divine light, divine vibration are felt
one of the three qualities of nature (guna), expressing calmness and spirituality
spiritual renunciation; during every activity you perceive the living presence of God, remember Him, and love Him constantly
the seventh of the seven upper spheres of existence (loka); corresponds to the fontanel (God center)
an era where people only practiced Ashtanga Yoga and Chaturanga Yoga, which is Kriya Yoga. Through practice of this yoga, all people were divine and powerful.
Krishna’s chariot driver
the son of Arjuna and nephew of Krishna, also known as Abhimanyu. Saubhadra entered a tunnel of the Kauravas and killed innumerable soldiers.
the seventh great warrior of the Kauravas. Saumadatti is the son of Somadatta; his name is also Bhurishrava. (See Bhurishrava)
(“with (sa) form (vikalpa)”): a state of samadhi in which the state of duality remains
to merge in God
all fifty letters of the Sanskrit alphabet have mystical power (see mantra)
selfless service
one who serves
(power) energy or power
(the deity) the Divine Mother; creative power of Brahman; divine energy
Queen Gandhari’s brother, and maternal uncle of the Kauravas
to have control over the heart, making one serene and divine
an open-eyed meditation technique to perceive the divine light
a great sixth century spiritual master, incarnation of Lord Shiva, who revived the monastic tradition in India
serenity, peace, balance, harmony
invocation of peace
body; the perishable. From the root shri, “to fall apart.”
grace of the scriptures
ancient Indian holy scriptures
heroism; the hero is not someone who fights enemies without, but one who is able to maintain inner strength to destroy the enemies within, the weaknesses experienced in human life
a warrior on the side of the Pandavas, instrumental in bringing the downfall of Bhishma
god as destroyer, the third Lord of the Hindu Trinity
a symbol of Lord Shiva worshipped in Shiva temples
a symbol of Lord Shiva worshipped in Shiva temples
love for Shiva
verse in Sanskrit
threefold love or faith — sattvic, rajasic, tamasic
attentive listening to sacred teachings
a name of goddess Lakshmi; as a prefix, a title of respect, like the English “sir”
the great spiritual master, disciple of Lahiri Mahasaya, and preceptor of Paramahamsa Yoganandaji and Paramahamsa Hariharanandaji
hearing about soul
(“heard”) to hear without any utterance; Vedas
the caste of servants in the ancient Vedic social system; metaphorically, those who keep their attention below the pituitary
one of the principal Upanishads
(“accomplishment”): perfection and revelation; namely, attaining the state of nirvikalpa samadhi, becoming merged in God and God consciousness
(“remembered”): scriptures of moral rights
fat, I, soothing, soft. As snigdha jyoti, it means soothing light, like the moon light
(“I am He”): the perception of oneness of body and soul; to feel the human being in God and God in the human being
a great warrior on the side of the Kauravas, father of Saumadatti
that which maintains the life and does the work; Krishna
rigid, obstinate
still; tranquil
established; attained
(“established in wisdom”): one who feels that whatever he sees, thinks, or experiences is the power of God
being completely and firmly established; steadfastness
(“I am well established”): calm and quiet
Krishna’s sister, who married Arjuna and bore their son Abhimanyu; a name of the blissful Mother Nature
a state of samadhi
name of an Indian scripture
(“good sound”); name of Nakula’s conch
happiness; real happiness is keeping your consciousness in the pituitary and above, in the state of vacuum and nothingness; derived from su “beautiful” and kha “space”
a deep mystical interpretation of the Bhagavad Gita by Suradhuni Devi, wife of Panchanan Bhattacharya, one of Lahiri Mahasaya most prominent disciples
the pranic channel between the ida and pingala which extends from the bottom of the spine up to the fontanel
thread or link; aphorisms, as in Patañjali’s Yoga Sutra
innate nature; sva means one’s self, and bhava is one’s perception, expression, and manifestation. Destiny, the aggregated balance sheet of all activities, is this innate nature. It predisposes a person to be either religious, full of activity, or idle.
one’s own duty. In the light of Kriya, svadharma means that it is every person’s duty to watch one’s own breath — to become aware of the indwelling Self
(“wheel of the self (sva) base (adhishthana)”): the lumbar (procreation) center
comes from sva (soul) plus adhyaya (culture or study); to study one’s own self is soul culture
the third of the seven upper spheres of existence (loka). Corresponds to the food (fire) center
a yogic science based on the principle of the alternating of breath dominance from one nostril to the other
that which is born (ja) of moisture (sveda), such as fungus