Glossary of Terms

the feet; pillars; the world
a state of samadhi
lotus; chakra
side; fortnight
the five basic elements or constituents
the five afflictions as described in Sage Patañjali’s Yoga Sutra
the five gross elements: bhumi (earth), apa (water), anala (fire), vayu (air), kham (ether)
the five Pandava brothers
the name of Shrie Krishna’s conch. He obtained it by killing a demon named Panchajanya. Metaphorically, pancha means five and janya means being born of. Panchjanya means the divine sound that is due to the combined effect of five elements of the five chakras.
all the qualities born of knowledge
those who remain in knowledge, consciousness, superconsciousness, and cosmic consciousness are the Pandavas. The Pandavas are the friends of LordKrishna and the soul. They are always at war with the Kauravas or negative qualities.
(“supreme absolute”): the Absolute — indestructible, imperishable, and supreme
literally, the duty or religion of others; metaphorically, attachment to the sense organs and the external world. No matter what someone is doing, if proper attention is not given to the breath and the soul, it is paradharma.
“nothingness,” superconscious state below the fontanel; one of the five levels of the subtle vacuum located between the ajña (soul center) and sahasrara (fontanel) chakras
the guru of one’s guru; superior guru
a great realized master in Kriya Yoga; a legend among the spiritual seekers who attained nirvikalpa samadhi
the foremost disciple of Swami Shriyukteshwarji, who brought the message of Kriya Yoga from India to the West in 1920. Author of the Autobiography of a Yogi.
(“supreme swan”): the swan is the only creature that is capable of separating milk from water once they have been mixed together. Similarly, a paramahamsa is the realized master who, having attained the supreme yogic state, or nirvikalpa samadhi, can distinguish the real (sa) from the unreal (ham).
the supreme Self (soul); universal or cosmic Self
the wisdom above the fontanel, where the soul is merged with God in the pulseless state of nirvikalpa samadhi
the guru of the paraparaguru; supreme guru
composed of param shatrun tapati. Param means supreme, shatrun means enemy, and tapati means one who can burn. The real meaning of parantapa is one who can easily burn the supreme enemy, the delusion and error hidden within us.
the guru of the paramaguru
a great sage, father of Veda Vyasa
(“supreme (para) stage (avastha)”): superconscious state above the perishable body; the state of extreme tranquility and inner peace
spiritual knowledge
(“son of Prithi,” Prithi being the former name of Queen Kunti): a name of Arjuna. Its name comes from the root verb prath, which means to be renowned through one’s own effort.
harshness (cruelty, stiffness, insolence)
stale, contaminated food
(“Lord (pati) of animals (pashu)”): a name of Shiva; he who has mastered his animal qualities
the author of the Yoga Sutra, a classical text dealing with concentration and its methods in Raja Yoga
the name of the conch blown by Bhima, who is in the heart center. Its name refers to the long and continuous sound of the bell.
food taken by drinking; one of the four types of food described in the Bhagavad Gita
a pranic channel on the right side of the sushumna where vital air passes. It corresponds to the rajasic quality of nature.
praying for the liberation of diseased and departed souls, especially the parents
one of the four great pronouncements of the Vedas which summarized the essence of the Upanishads, meaning: “Wisdom is Brahman (the absolute God).”
(“creative force”): the veil of nature, or the material substratum of creation, consisting of the three gunas
(“life”) the life-force, vital breath, vital air; one of the five main pranas (vital energies), responsible for absorption; metaphorically, prana refers to exhalation
if you perceive the presence of God, the creator of life in the body, with every breath, every breath will be an oblation to God with love. This is prana karma, “action” of prana, the real worship of God.
an interpretation of the Bhagavad Gita by Swami Pranavananda, a disciple of Lahiri Mahasaya
offering oblation of breath to the soul fire in the pituitary and to the God fire in the fontanel
(“restraint of prana”): control and regulation of the vital energy and breath through control of the life force (prana); special breathing technique; the fourth limb of Sage Patañjali’s Ashtanga Yoga system
that which relates to the life force or breath (prana)
(“attainment”): wife of Kamsa; her name means one who has immense desire for worldly things
(“grace”, “clarity” or “tranquility”): that which comes from God as His grace, gift, and greetings; consecrated food, food offered in the temple
one of the principal Upanishads. Prashna means “question.”
(“exit”): sacred books for liberation
the three sacred books for liberation: the Upanishads, the Brahmasutras, and the Bhagavad Gita
(“withdrawal”): principles of self-control; the fifth limb of Sage Patañjali’s Ashtanga Yoga system
(“activity”): involvement; attractive delusive desires
love for God, divine love
ritual of worship, adoration
auspicious, virtues, merits, noble deeds
city; house; metaphorically, the body
(“ancient”): mythological books of India composed by Sage Vyasa
full moon day or holi
a royal dynasty in India; metaphorically, the body (from pauran)
a great king, the maternal uncle of Bhima and the brother of Kunti. The inner meaning of Purujit is derived from puran and jayati. Puran means whole body sense and intellectual sense, and jayati means one who can conquer everything. Thus, Purujit is a powerful and spiritual man who has gone above his body, mind, intellect, and senses and has merged in God.
the indwelling Self; the Absolute Spirit, Brahman; the conductor of the life-force of every human being
(“the supreme (uttama) Self (purusha)”): the supreme Almighty Father
an impure woman, a devil who tried to poison Krishna. The metaphorical meaning of her name comes from puta, which means purity, and na, which means no — “One who has no purity.”